Kuruvilla Karivelithara

As Interviewed by N.K., March 23, 2019

Kuruvilla Karivelithara: In His Own Words

Kuruvilla Karivelithara talks about the end of the British rule over India. [He also discusses his parents, and their role in the freedom movement, along with what he thought the British could have done to make the transition between India and Britain easier.]

Both my parents were in politics, especially my father. He started following Mahatma Gandhi, and my mother also joined with him, when he was arrested and put in jail for [the] freedom movement. After that, both of them were in politics for a long time. They were doing several good things for the states, especially for the the Kerala State.

[This is where my family is from and where my grandfather grew up.]

They were fighting for the freedom from the British people, India was ruled by the British people.

Then, Mahatma Gandhi started the freedom movement when he was in Africa, I believe he was in South Africa. And then he came to India and started the movement, and then all the states joined him. Finally, in 1947 India got its freedom from the British people. I read and I learned in school that India got its freedom on August 14, 1947.

There were some officials, still [living in India] after the independence -- they were there for a few more years, and there was no discrimination or any problems. [He is referring to squabbles, arguments, etc, between the residents and officials] India was just very happy to cooperate with them [the British people].

What they [the British] did was they divided the country between India and Pakistan, and there is still a problem between those two countries regarding the boundaries, especially in Kashmir of Pakistan and Kashmir of India. [These are two border states/territories of the two countries, where the border is not very clear.] Other than that, I don’t think there was any other [conflict].

Even after receiving independence, from [the] British people, I wish they [had] stayed for a few more years until India settles all [of its] other problems. [This refers to things like borders, money, and resources.]